What Are The Types Of Projects In Construction
- Posted by:
- Project, Buildings, Architects, Planning, Housing
- Posted date:
This article asks: what are the types of projects in construction? Find out more about the main types of construction and what to consider when starting a construction project.
What Are The Types Of Projects In Construction?
What are construction projects?
A construction project is an effort to create a structure or a building. In the worlds of civil engineering and architecture, construction projects refer to physically putting together any kind of infrastructure or a building.
Commonly, a construction project comprises multiple smaller projects, as the project is not a single activity. Human multitasking is usually necessary in order for large-scale construction projects to be completed.
The types of workers that oversee types of larger construction projects are professional architects, construction engineers, and design engineers. Successful planning is needed for any kind of building project to be completed cost-effectively.
During construction projects, so that work-related injuries and financial difficulties can be avoided, the construction management team that participates in the design and execution of infrastructure will plan for different safety measures and scrutinise the project's total cost.
Every construction project requires very detailed planning due to the job's unpredictable environmental and financial impact. As a consequence of these inherent characteristics, all construction projects require meticulous planning that revolves around the below elements:
- Building material availability
- Construction site safety
- The discomfort the project will cause the general public.
Main Types Of Construction
The specific type of construction project that you will work on is usually determined by the construction vocation that you choose. When you are working in construction, you can be exposed to residential, commercial, infrastructural, and industrial projects. Below are some more examples:
Residential Building Project
Residential housing construction is the first type of construction, it is made up of the building, maintaining, and modifying of structures for housing, equipment, and stock.
All housing types are included. This means townhomes, apartments, nursing homes, condos, and dorms. Residential structures can also include garages and outbuildings, for example, utility sheds.
Residential housing plans are commonly designed by architects and engineers. All of the structural, mechanic and electric work will be completed by subcontractors that are hired by the construction company. When it comes to single-family homes, builders will usually handle every part of the project, this is including construction and design.
Construction projects that are owned, commissioned or controlled by a private entity are known as private construction projects. Some examples of private projects are individuals, corporations, homeowners, other corporate entities, non-profit associations, hospitals, publicly-traded firms, privately supported schools, and other private parties.
These types of construction projects can occur in various different sizes and shapes. It is at this point that examining the nature of the work that has been accomplished can help divide private construction into subcategories.
Commercial projects include sports arenas, schools, hospitals, commercial centres, stadiums, skyscrapers, and retail stores.
Much like residential housing development, commercial and institutional construction is made up of the construction of new structures, but also the repair and maintenance of existing structures.
A private owner or a company will commission a project such as a retail store. In other cases, the infrastructure projects will be funded and controlled by local or national governments. Examples of these would be schools, stadiums, and medical facilities.
This form of construction project encompasses the construction of structures that need a very high level of technical planning and specialisation, design skills, and construction. This type of construction is most commonly done by industrial businesses and for-profit businesses.
Some examples of this would be a chemical company that builds oil refineries, or a power generation business would build nuclear power plants or hydroelectric power plants. These are all industrial structures.
Infrastructure and Heavy Construction Project
These types of construction projects include works such as constructing and maintaining railways, communications, roads, railways to the city's surrounding districts, and current building construction,
This variety of development is commonly carried out with the public in mind by significant commercial firms and government organisations.
Some examples of this construction type are bridges, tunnels, highways, pipelines, and drainage systems.
Other types of construction
Although classification by building variety can be useful when looking at understanding a project's final goal, other methods of classification can offer even more insight into the risks of construction, as well as the legal requirements. There are several other regular ways to classify all the various types of construction, this includes:
- Fire resistance
- Building occupancy
There are further details about all these classifications below.
It is not uncommon to find buildings being classified by their fire resistance rating. This rating is a safety measure used as a way to calculate a structure's ability to withstand a fire. All these standards can be found within the Building Construction and Safety Code, which was created by the National Fire Protection Association. The fire resistance ratings can be applied to specific building materials, or to the building as a whole based on all the materials that were used.
- Type I: Fire resistive. All building materials are non-combustible. This will provide between three to four hours of resistance to fire. Found in hospitals, commercial projects, and hospitals.
- Type II: Non-combustible. All building materials are non-combustible. This will provide between one to two hours of resistance to fire. Found in hotels, schools, and mid-rise office buildings.
- Type III: Ordinary. This will provide between zero and two hours of resistance to fire. The exterior is constructed of non-combustible materials, but the interior may be combustible. Found in warehouses and some residential homes.
- Type IV: Heavy timber. This requires exterior walls to be non-combustible, providing two hours of fire resistance. Found in warehouses, churches, and small commercial buildings.
- Type V: Wood Framed. These buildings have floors, walls, and roofs made out of wood. This provides essentially zero fire resistance. Common in residential homes.
Construction projects are usually categorised by their occupancy. This refers both to their use and the number of people occupying the structure.
Although local jurisdictions are allowed to set their own building codes, you will find they will usually adopt a standard set of accepted codes.
What to Consider When starting a Construction Project
When thinking about a construction project, there are many different factors that need to be considered. Below are some important factors to keep in mind when choosing a construction project:
- The scope of the project: What size is the project? Big or small? What time frame is being discussed for completion?
- The location of the project: Where is the project taking place? In a rural or urban area? Is the site easily accessible?
- The type of project: What kind of construction project is taking place? A commercial project or a residential one?
- The budget for the project: How much money is available to spend on the project? What is the estimated budget for labour as well as materials?
- The permits for the project: What types of permits are needed? Are any special permits needed?
- Get everything in writing: When you have selected the contractors for the job, make sure your agreement's details are available in writing. This includes features such as the payment terms, the scope of work, and the schedule.
Are you looking for commercial building contractors in Glasgow and the surrounding areas? Follow the link below to find out more about Commercial Builders in Glasgow.Commercial Builders in Glasgow